Mods, je vous laisse supprimer si vous jugez que non-pertinent parce que c'est en anglais, ou non approprié, ou si nous l'avons déjã en français.
On pourrait aussi le traduire éventuellement, je pourrais le faire.
Source : Land of Vos (liste courriel)
*FOODS that endanger parrots include avocado, guacamole, chocolate,
cocoa, alcohol, pits of apricots, peaches, plums, prunes, seeds of
cherimoya fruit, rhubarb leaves but the stalk is safe, the green
leaves and stems of potatoes and tomato plants, potato "buds", as
well as foods with excessive salt, sugar, fats, caffeine, artificial
coloring, flavoring, preservatives, and other chemicals. Obvious
dangers are moldy foods and under-cooked or raw meats. All parrot
food should be as clean, fresh, and healthful as baby food.
*KITCHENS are unsafe for parrots, especially when cooking is in
progress. The hazards of open flames, hot burners, fumes of burned
food, and open containers of food or water (both hot and cold) are as
deadly as toxic fumes like PTFE.
*DISHWASHER steam can kill parrots when plastic and other items that
melt fall onto the heating element, creating toxic smoke during the
dry cycle. Automatic dishwasher detergents contain chemicals that are
vaporized into the surrounding air during the wash cycle. Parrots
should not be housed in the kitchen for that and other reasons
*PTFE treated non-stick cookware and other kitchen products
called Teflon, Silverstone, and many other names kill birds by
releasing a deadly, odorless gas when heated to medium high
or high temperature. PTFE is used in some space heaters, ranges,
ovens, stove-top burner bibs (liners), heat lamps, irons, griddles, automatic
bread makers, woks, waffle irons, electric skillets, crockpots, corn
poppers, coffee makers, roasters, curling irons, hair dryers, and
numerous other products. Read all labels and beware! Move all birds
out of the shared air space when PTFE-coated products are heated.
*SELF-CLEANING OVENS require very high heat to burn off oven spills
and debris. During the cleaning process, toxic fumes that are emitted
can kill parrots within minutes.
*COOKING BAGS treated with "PTFE" emit very dangerous toxic fumes
when heated, especially when high heat is used. Any substance that
releases smoke or fumes when heated should be avoided in bird homes
as it can kill birds in the area.
*LITTER made of walnut shells or corncobs can cause life-threatening
impaction of the digestive system if ingested by a parrot. This
litter also harbors fungal spores when soiled or wet. Newspaper is
safer for use on cage bottoms.
*WOOD SHAVINGS made of redwood and cedar and are toxic to birds and
should never be used in cages, aviaries, nor nestboxes. Aspen, pine,
and other safe wood shavings are preferable for use in nestboxes.
*CAGES should be made only of safe metal with non-toxic paint. There
should be no sharp points that can cause injuries, and proper spacing
between cage bars prevents strangulation. Birds can be injured or
killed by getting stuck in empty dish holders in cages. Use empty
dishes or fill them with toys or treats, but never leave empty cup
holders in a cage. Stainless steel is the safest metal for bird dishes.
*LEG BANDS can cause severe damage or loss of birds' toes, feet, and
legs. Sometimes they cause death by trapping birds. Microchips are a
safer method of identifying lost birds. Leg bands should be removed
only by an experienced veterinarian. It is NOT an easy process and
inexperienced hands can cause injuries or death by attempting band
*GRIT is unnecessary for parrots and can cause an impaction of the
*HALOGEN LIGHT FIXTURES like torchier-style floor lamps create
extreme heat that can burn and possibly kill birds when they land on them.
*METALS including lead, zinc, copper, iron, brass, and others can
cause metal toxicosis if ingested by birds. Some metal toxin sources
are galvanized cage and aviary wire, house keys, (especially gold
colored keys), lead-based paints, metallic paints, paints containing
zinc, linoleum, vinyl mini-blinds, foil from champagne and wine
bottles, lead weights, bells with lead clappers, stained glass,
improperly-glazed ceramics, costume jewelry, mirror backing, copper
pennies, zinc oxide, artist paints containing cadmium, cardboard or
paper with high gloss inks, and magnetic business cards.
*QUIKSTOP and other styptic products should not be applied to avian
skin. Styptic products are safe for bleeding toenails when broken or
cut too short, but these products destroy avian skin. For broken or
pulled blood feathers, cornstarch or flour are safer. Aloe gel can be
applied first to help the flour or cornstarch to adhere, and to
soothe pain and speed healing.
*CATS, DOGS, FERRETS and many other animals are serious dangers to
birds. The slightest cat scratch or bite can infect birds with
Pasteurella bacteria and immediate vet treatment is required to save
the bird's life. Never allow birds to interact with any other pet
without close supervision.
*PESTICIDE SPRAYS, NO-PEST STRIPS and FOGGERS poison the air and can
kill birds. Safer solutions are roach traps, ant bait, and other
solid insect poisons that can be safely secured in the back of
cabinets and other areas inaccessible to birds.
*FLEA COLLARS & SPRAYS emit toxins and should not be used in bird
homes. The metal discs sold in pet stores to attach to cages for
killing lice also poison the environment -- do NOT use
them! Shampoos for lice contain dangerous toxins that never should
be used on birds.
*STICKY PEST STRIPS that trap flying insects should always be
enclosed in old cages or other containers accessible to insects but
out of the reach of birds and other pets. Citrus oil or peanut butter
can be used to safely remove sticky substances from feathers.
*WING CLIPS should be checked often to prevent flight-related
accidents. Wing-clipped birds often fly well enough to escape so they
should be protected by a harness, leash, or carrier when taken outside.
*TRANSPARENT AND REFLECTING SURFACES like glass windows, doors, and
mirrors should be shown to flighted birds to make them familiar with
the fact that they're solid. Most birds can be trained to avoid large
expanses of glass by repeatedly holding the bird on your hand and
imitating flight toward the glass and then lightly pressing their
beak, feet, and body against the surfaces. Decals can be used as a
*CEILING FANS should not be used in homes with flighted birds. Other
household dangers to flighted birds are open windows and doors, hot
pots and stove burners, open containers of water (sinks, toilets,
tubs, boiling water), poisonous or thorny houseplants, electrical
wires, medication, insect bait traps, and many other toxic substances.
*TOYS, both new and used, should be cleaned and examined for loose
parts that could lodge in a bird's throat. Loose strings and threads
can trap and cut off circulation to necks, wings, legs, and toes. Use
only stainless steel (not zinc) "quick links" as toy fasteners and
never use strings, ropes or chains long enough to wrap around a
birds' neck or other body parts.
*PRESSURE TREATED LUMBER, conventional plywood, and particle board
contain a variety of toxic substances. Untreated pine boards are a
*HOUSEPLANTS and FERTILIZER including "fertilizer spikes" can poison
birds so they should be kept out of their reach. Some of the most
common poisonous houseplants are azalea, oleander, castor bean, sago
palm, yew plants, dieffenbachia (dumb cane), asparagus fern,
daffodils, flower bulbs, mistletoe, poinsettia, philodendron, and
potato sprouts or "eyes". Choose only non-poisonous plants for bird homes.
*CIGARETTES, CIGARS, PIPES, AND OTHER SMOKING
SUBSTANCES should never be used in air space shared by
birds. Passive inhalation of smoke, including smoke from burning
incense, damages the sensitive avian respiratory system, eyes and
skin. Nicotine can settle on perches and other cage surfaces and
cause the self-mutilation of feet and legs in sensitive birds,
especially Amazon parrots.
*ESSENTIAL OILS including potpourri oils should never be used in the
breathing space of parrots. Perfume, hairspray, and other aerosolized
grooming products also can damage the avian respiratory system.
*AIR FRESHENERS, including plug-ins and scented sprays, are unsafe
for birds. To safely freshen the air, simmer spices like cinnamon,
cloves, vanilla, and citrus rinds.
*SCENTED CANDLES release toxins when burned, so only unscented
candles should be used in bird homes. (Protect birds from all open
flames). Beeswax candles are generally safe.
*CARPET POWDERS AND SPRAYS such as Carpet Fresh, as well as similar
products to treat upholstery such as Febreze, often contain toxins
which are dispersed into the air when they are applied, and later
when they're vacuumed, so they should not be used in bird homes.
Carpets can be cleaned safely with solutions of water and baking
soda, vinegar, or Grapefruit Seed Extract.
*CLEANING AND DISINFECTANT PRODUCTS like pine oil, ammonia, mold
and mildew cleaners, toilet bowl cleaners, drain cleaners, furniture
polish, oven cleaners, dishwasher detergents, furniture polish, car
cleaning products, and laundry products, including bleach, can
irritate or burn the skin, eyes and respiratory tract of birds when
used in a bird's environment. Spray starch also is toxic to birds.
*HOME IMPROVEMENT PRODUCTS that create fumes include fresh paint,
new carpet, drapes, furniture and flooring that uses toxic glues. The
outgassing of toxic chemicals from new furnishings, paints,
solvents, adhesives, various finishes, and other building materials
are sometimes described as the "new smell" and can damage the
sensitive avian respiratory system.
*MEDICATION and natural remedies containing "tea tree oil", which is
the oil of the melaleuca tree, as well as all prescription and
over-the-counter medications should be kept out of the reach of
parrots to keep them safe.
*MOLD on food or in the air is dangerous to parrots. Aspergillus
mold can cause the deadly disease, aspergillosis. It can grow on
improperly handled and stored foods, especially grains such as corn.
Excessive moisture in bathrooms promotes the growth of various molds in homes.
*CARBON MONOXIDE is an odorless, colorless, tasteless gas produced
by furnaces and other heaters. Birds in poorly ventilated, heated
areas are at high risk of carbon monoxide poisoning. It robs the
blood of oxygen and can be particularly harmful to animals and humans
with heart ailments when inhaled at levels often found indoors. Use a
carbon monoxide monitor in your home to sound an alarm when levels
*DRY CLEANED CLOTHING should be aired outside or in another airspace
not shared by birds until there is no remaining odor. The chemical
"perc" (perchloroethylene) causes cancer in lab animals.
*MOTHBALLS and moth-repellent cakes and crystals contain
paradichlorobenzene, which also is found in toilet disinfectants and
in deodorizers, and it causes cancer in lab animals.
*HUMAN SALIVA contains pathogens that are deadly to birds. We should
never allow a bird to place its beak in our nose or mouth, and we
especially should not allow a parrot to "clean our teeth" with their
beak. Particularly deadly bacteria can be cultured from human gum
tissue, especially when gum disease is present.
*CLEANLINESS is important to the prevention of bacterial infections.
Wash your hands often when working with birds and preparing their
food and dishes.
*DISEASE EXPOSURE can be prevented by quarantining all new birds from
existing flocks or companion birds for one to three months. Your vet
can advise you as to how long the quarantine period should be. Taking
birds to pet stores, bird fairs, swap shops and other bird gatherings
with birds of unknown health status can expose your bird to deadly
diseases. It's safer to have a friend or relative come to your home
or to keep your birds in their home, when you travel. Boarding with
other birds is risky.
Léa, femelle Pionus à tête bleue (sept. 2010)
Jazz, Eclectus Red-Sided mâle (Roratus Polychloros ou Eclectus de Nouvelle-Guinée) - à jamais dans mon coeur